Multi-Step Income Statement Component and Uses with example

multistep income statement example

All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. Multi-step by Sales Contribution Multi-Step Income Statement is used when it is necessary to show the contribution of different products or services from a company’s total revenue. It is used to summarize the information on the income statement, usually aggregating several years of data, or summarizing different levels of detail available in the general ledger. It can be hard to keep up with the details, which is why it is important to closely track the financial performance of your business’s many moving parts. Subtract the cost of items sold from the net sales to arrive at the gross profit.

Statement users can also make comparisons with other years’ data for the same business and with other businesses. Nonoperating revenues and expenses appear at the bottom of the income statement because they are less significant in assessing the profitability of the business. Multi-step income statements typically include subtotals for operating activities and for non-operating activities, or those outside of the business’s primary operations. Within primary operations, two key subtotals are for cost of goods sold (COGS), which determines gross profit, and selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) costs, which determines operating profit.

Step 7. Calculate operating income

The steps for creating a multiple-step revenue statement for the firm are as follows. The following example illustrates the format of a typical multi-step income statement. The calculation steps are clarified via the ‘+’ and ‘−’ symbols on the left of various income and expense items.

  • Here are the steps you need to follow to create a multiple-step income statement for your business.
  • The users will know the profit earned from the primary activities of buying and selling goods and how it differs from the non-operating activities.
  • A multi-step income statement divides a company’s revenue and expenses into operating and non-operating subtotals.
  • Building a cash flow statement from scratch using a company income statement and balance sheet is one of the most fundamental finance exercises commonly used to test interns and full-time professionals at elite level finance firms.
  • Multi-step income statements typically include subtotals for operating activities and for non-operating activities, or those outside of the business’s primary operations.

This calculation shows investors and creditors the overall profitability of the company as well as how efficiently the company is at generating profits from total revenues. The three key measures of profit in a multi-step statement are gross profit or gross income, operating profit or operating income, and net income, also referred to as profit, earnings, or the bottom line. A related measure called earnings before interest and taxes, or EBIT, appears on some statements, allowing comparison of profitability among companies, some of which may have debt interest expenses while others may not.

Step 8. Calculate other revenue and expenses

Also, a non-operating income can be an insurance compensation paid by an insurance firm to the company’s account as settlement proceeds for damage or loss of a company’s asset. Investors also use the gross profit to determine the profitability of primary business activities and the general health of the company. When calculating gross profit, no other expenditures are included apart from the cash inflow from the sale of goods and cash outflow from the purchase of goods. Companies use the multi-step income statement and the balance sheet for financial ratios analysis.

multistep income statement example

Notice that net income is the bottom line but it includes a provision for income taxes and also interest expense. On the other hand, a multi-step income statement follows a three-step process to calculate the net income, and it segregates operating incomes and expenses from the non-operating incomes. It separates revenues and expenses from activities that are directly related to the business operations from activities that are not directly tied to the operations.

Types of Businesses that Use a Multi-Step Income Statement

The multi-step income statement helps users in analyzing the performance of the business. Investors, lenders, and other key stakeholders monitor the gross margin of the business, which is calculated as a percentage of net sales. The gross margin is then compared to the company’s past gross margins and other comparable entities’ gross margins to determine how efficiently the company is performing. The selling and administration expenses from operating activities are captured in the second section of a multi-step income statement. The selling expenses are the costs incurred when selling goods to consumers and may include marketing expenses, the salary of sales personnel, and freight charges. Gross profit is the first section of a multi-step income statement, and it is obtained by deducting the cost of goods sold from the total sales.

Larger businesses, particularly manufacturers and multi-product businesses, use multi-step statements because they’re more informative and useful than a single-step statement. Many companies prepare quarterly and annual income statements based on the calendar. Others use a fiscal year with start multistep income statement example and end dates that don’t align with the calendar. There are no measures of intermediate profitability such as gross profit or operating income, both of which are important elements of the multi-step format. Then, in the operational activities column, add the entire operating expenditures.

Single-Step vs. Multiple-Step Income Statement: What is the Difference?

Subtract the operational expenditures from the gross profit to arrive at this figure. Making monthly financial statements allows someone to track how the earnings vary over time. This is useful information when making financial decisions regarding their firm, such as investing in new equipment.